عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
of a city. The method of using color in a city depends on different factors like climate, history, local culture, etc. The historical Iranian-Islamic cities show their culture and their respect to the natural environment. The best combination between forms and colors in the squares which are the most important social places in the past, represent the knowledge and attention of our ancestors to the psychological and aesthetic effects of colors in the cities. Nowadays without the applicable rules and guidelines to coordinate urban landscape, new cities suffer from heterogeneous facades in terms of form, color and other details in Iran. Therefore, analysis of historical urban spaces in Iran and uncovering the traditional rules is the first practical approach. The aim of this study is to extract patterns from traditional urban spaces to create integrated urban landscape by focusing on the issue of color, color combinations and interactive communications between colors, light and forms. To achieve this goal, the descriptive and analytical methods were applied. In the first stage the theoretical framework of this research gathered from literature review. The main methods in this stage were Lenclo, Hi Yung and the color bar, in addition, RGB system was useful to illustrate the exact colors. Naghshe Jahan square which is the most important square in historical fabrics in Iran chosen as the main case study in this research had been analyzed in the next stage. In this stage in addition to the listed methods, questionnaires and cognitive maps were also applied. Finally the principles were represented in different categories.visual sanctity.