عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
In Contemporary principles of conservation, not only the revealing of works, but the interpretation and help audience to better understanding is the main role of conservators. So the purpose of restoration is readability of the form and content of artworks. From this perspective, recognition of audiences and the process of their perception are so important in conservational principles, because the artistic value in relation with the audience, that cause meaning. In this article that has been done with the goal of the investigation of the station and role of "audience perception", from the point of view of scientists and conservation principles, first the components and concepts has been investigated, such as the importance of understanding in the principles of conservation thought and the various aspects of perception, From the perspective of Islamic and Western Scholars and different areas of sociology. This study has been accomplished in descriptive and analytical manners, with the use of research tools including the evaluation of texts, documents, charters and books. Finally, these findings have been achieved that the concept of "Understanding "as a whole, depends to consideration of a special relationship with the artwork audiences. So the audience perception has the close relationship with the quality of works revealing and their kind of conservation, which without this relation, the ultimate goal of artworks and the purpose of its conservation would be meaningless with emphasis on this issue that desirable perception requires to the active participation of audience.