عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
t In Islam world, writing and scribing Koran has been always a very important issue. Professional scribers and calligraphers of Koran were in the acme point of this process. Scribing diversity as well as different styles of writing divine words does not contradict with uprightness in recording Koran words so that in addition to observing this principle, great calligraphers have tried to scribe Koran in various artistic styles and their individual genius. Alireza Abbasi, the reputable calligrapher of the '·th and ''th Hijri centuries who lived in Safavid era, was a great calligrapher who was very professional in all seven styles of inscriptions. His inscriptions still shine in reputable places like Sheikh Lotfollah mosque, Abbasi Friday mosque's gateway, holy shrine of Imam Reza, monument of Sheikh Safi-al-Din Ardebili and so many other places. Moreover, he was one of predominant calligraphers of Koran. A precious calligraphic Koran which was written by him to Shah Abbas during residing in Mashhad is an ever-lasting work in the field of Koran calligraphy. A close view on the artistic life of Alireza Abbasi and his interest in epigraphy reveals the apparent influence of epigraphic styles on scribing his famous Koran including writing discontinuous words with high tone, use of epigraphic configuration in scribing Koran, use of diverse colors which are close to those used in epigraphy and investing words in scribing Koran. This paper is based on desk studies and performs a filed study on Alireza Abbasi's inscription in different cities and places of Iran. Its purpose is to investigate the effect of his interests and experiences in styles of scribing the holy Koran. The main question of this paper is the quality of the effect of epigraphy tradition on Abbasi's Koran and the interaction between the former and the latter. The investigation of the mentioned effect and interaction reveals that he has adopted important epigraphic traditions in scribing Abbasi Koran in Reyhan style in the best manner.